Both technology and art are considered artificial in that they are made by human beings through creative action which transcends the natural processes of all other living organisms. Science aims to know; art endeavors to express well. Technology, which applies the knowledge of science, always has an artistic element in its creation and production, even though it may not be emphasized. In a broad sense, there is an art to doing anything well, and any activity can be perceived as an art by looking for beauty in the process and result.
Beauty is certainly the key principle of art. While we act for the good and contemplate the truth, beauty is experienced through observation. Art is the beauty created by human beings. (An exception is a case of an elephant painting artistic pictures.) Yet natural beauty can be equally enjoyed. Thus art also depends on creativity. Although all art is understood by some means of perception, various value systems may add other criteria of appreciation other than beauty, such as harmony, balance, meaningfulness, originality, intensity, unity, purpose, expression, etc. The experience of art has two sides--the creative process of the artist and the appreciation of the observer. Both can be greatly enhanced by education and training, though many believe in God-given or innate talent for artistic creativity and the innate intuition of appreciation. I believe these innate qualities come from the spirituality of the soul and its many experiences in previous existences. This helps to explain child prodigies and the varying talents of what should otherwise be equal souls. The gift of talent has been developed and earned either in previous lifetimes on earth or in experiences in other realms of consciousness.
For many people art is the most meaningful part of life and a highly esteemed value, and almost everyone enjoys some form of art, if only for occasional relaxation. Art serves as communication for the improvement of social relationships through greater understanding of human experience. Art is society's great cultural university that is open to all. Art also serves as a channel of expression to release, elevate, and understand our inner conflicts, fears, and tensions as well as our aspirations, hopes, and ideals. This sublimation may occur both in the creating artist and the sympathetic audience.
Soapbox: Say what you mean to say: Art as communication | Tate
Koffman believes that art is communication and that the artist has the privilege of choosing what is to be communicated. Over 20 years ago, he designed the Flag of Peace and Freedom, choosing to let the images of the sun, birds and sky express his desire for peace. Every year, he corresponds with the Leaders of every Country of the World. Thus far, 32 countries have flown the Flag of Peace and Freedom. To Koffman, that is art as communication at its most powerful.
Ballsy Protest: Art as Communication? - Conversation Agent
The fountain looked none for the wear when I saw it, yet I'm sure that the city of Rome did not enjoy the work and cost of clearing out the bright red water. Was this art as communication, was it guerrilla marketing used to further a message? What do you think?
Finding common ground: Art as communication