The nature paintings of the German artist Caspar David Friedrich create a solemn, mysterious mood. Johann Friedrich Overbeck led a religious brotherhood of German painters, the Nazarenes, in Rome after 1810. Spain's most noted romantic painter is Francisco Goya. His intense portraits, such as (1813), are remarkable for their flowing lines. The Swiss artist Henry Fuseli painted fantastic and nightmarish subjects. In France, Théodore Géricault and Eugène Delacroix painted wild and violent scenes. Another French artist, Théodore Rousseau, led the Barbizon School. This was a group of landscape painters who depicted rural life.
Romanticism in France | Romanticism in France | Khan Academy
itter controversies involving political and religious loyalties accompanied the emergence of romanticism in France. The main strife took place in the theater. It included disruptions of performances of William Shakespeare's plays in 1822 and culminated in the notorious battle between the warring factions on the opening night of Victor Hugo's drama Hernani (1830). Hugo, Alexandre Dumas pere, and Alfred de Musset all used Shakespeare as a model to effect their departure from prescribed classical practices. The lyric poetry of Alphonse de Lamartine, Musset, and Hugo was romantic in its pronounced personal emotionality, and led, inevitably, to Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal (1857), perhaps French romanticism's most extreme expression.
Ingres, Apotheosis of Homer | Romanticism in France | Khan Academy
Professor of French and italian
The George L. Graziadio Chair of Italian Studies
Italian Studies Program Director and Undergraduate Advisor
Ph.D. UCLA, 1987
The Enlightenment and Romanticism in France and Italy
Best Places For Romantic Vacation In France | Travel Me Guide
The greatest romantic poet in France was Victor Hugo. His vast output also included novels, such as (1862), and plays. Alfred de Musset wrote both plays and poems. Alphonse de Lamartine is known for his touching nature poetry. Alexandre Dumas was the author of many lively tales, among them (1844). Italy's foremost romantic poet was the melancholy Giacomo Leopardi. Spain's was José de Espronceda.The most consistent school of romanticism developed in France under the Restoration and the July Monarchy, as a result of a stubborn struggle against the dogmatism and abstract rationalism of the official art of academic classicism. The founder of the romantic school was T. Géricault, a bold innovator in painting, whose creative work expressed the steadily rising protest against surrounding reality, as well as a striving to respond to the extraordinary events of the time. E. Delacroix, the recognized head of the romantic school from the 1820’s, created several paintings that were imbued with revolutionary ardor, fully and brilliantly embodying romanticism’s proclivity for large-scale themes, emotionally saturated images, and a search for new expressive means in painting. Delacroix’ followers included A. G. Decamps, the landscape artists H. Michel and P. Huet, and the sculptors P. J. David d’Angers, A. L. Bar-ye, and F. Rude.